Diabetes is one of the top 10 leading causes of death worldwide. not even in Thailand which found that the death rate from diabetes increased every year International Diabetes Federation (International Diabetes Federation: IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) has therefore set November 14 of every year as World Diabetes Day (World Diabetes Day) to campaign for people around the world to be aware of diabetes prevention.
However, even though it is a disease with a high mortality rate But most people still may misunderstand that. The cause of diabetes is to eat sweet or eat only sugar but in fact There are many causes of diabetes. It depends on the type of diabetes. which of course there is more Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes
in general We can classify diabetes on the basis of 4 types of causes:
- type 1 diabetes
- type 2 diabetes
- cause-specific diabetes
- gestational diabetes
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Diabetes is the type that most people often confuse. Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, although it is the same chronic high blood sugar. But there are different causes, symptoms and treatments. So we should understand the difference. between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes more accurately In order to be able to handle and treat it most appropriately, Hello Doctor, I will take all readers to know the differences of each type of diabetes.
get to know type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is classified as an autoimmune disease, which means a malfunction of the body’s immune system. destroy normal tissues of the body In the case of type 1 diabetes, this is caused by the immune system destroying the beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. until the body is unable to produce insulin that controls blood sugar levels (Blood Glucose Level) normally
It also causes acidosis caused by ketone acid retention. Which can cause life-threatening causes of diabetes. Patients with type 1 diabetes therefore need to inject insulin into the body. On a regular basis In order not to have high blood sugar levels and not too much ketoacidosis
Get to know type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in Thai people. Caused by the inability of the body to produce enough insulin to meet the needs. or able to respond less than normal to insulin, known as insulin resistance, therefore unable to control blood sugar levels resulting in high blood sugar levels until diabetes
The general difference of Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus Type 1) is commonly found in children and adolescents. It was most common at the age of 4-7 years and 10-14 years, not related to weight. or lifestyle Most patients are diagnosed with acidosis. from keconic acid treatment with insulin injections or insulin pump If not using insulin will not be able to control the symptoms of the disease With type 1 diabetes, there is no way to prevent this disease.
Type 2 diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus Type 2) is usually found in people aged 30 years and over, those who are overweight, obese or at risk for diabetes. (Prediabetes) is blood sugar slightly higher than normal. This group is even more at risk. If someone in the family has type 2 diabetes, the risk is even greater.
people who rarely exercise or having abdominal obesity The more the risk increases. Most patients Often detected with high blood pressure or high blood cholesterol levels. Or some people may experience both of these conditions. often asymptomatic Most patients are therefore unaware that they have type 2 diabetes.
Most, if still in the early stages and the blood sugar level is not very high can be treated without medication Symptoms can be prevented, slowed down or controlled by behavioral modifications such as exercising regularly. eat nutritious food Some patients may be able to stop taking diabetes medication. If the sugar level is well controlled
early symptoms of diabetes
Both types of diabetes, if not treated or controlled Symptoms of high blood sugar may include:
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- feeling very thirsty need to drink a lot of water
- tiredness severe weakness
- Losing weight despite not losing weight
- Blurred vision, not clear vision
prevention and treatment of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. Must be treated with insulin injections or regular insulin injections into the body. The doctor will determine how much insulin each patient needs to be injected into the body.
In terms of type 2 diabetes, it can be prevented or reduced by using a healthy lifestyle, such as exercising regularly. eat healthy food Control your weight in a healthy range. Don’t let the fat get in your belly.
For people with type 2 diabetes, such behavior modification is recommended. in conjunction with taking medications prescribed by a physician If you take good care of your body It may not be necessary to take diabetes medication forever.
blood sugar test The key to dealing with diabetes
for diabetic patients Including those who are at risk of developing diabetes, in addition to always taking care of their health. The important thing that needs to be done on a regular basis is blood glucose monitoring This is the only way you can know that. Is your blood sugar level still normal?
blood glucose monitoring There are both examinations in the hospital. for screening for diabetes Evaluate treatment results and prevent complications. and self-monitoring blood sugar levels (SMBG stands for Self Monitoring Blood Glucose) by checking blood at the fingertips with a portable blood glucose meter (Blood Glucose Meter or BGM) that patients can do. by yourself on a regular basis whenever and wherever you want Help patients to know their blood sugar levels. and can change behavior or take care of yourself immediately
In addition, the doctor can take the results of the blood sugar measurements to be evaluated to adjust the dosage. Or find a suitable way to control sugar as well. Portable blood glucose meter (Blood Glucose Meter or BGM) is something that diabetics. Or people at risk of diabetes should carry it with them.